Betula pendula

11 Jan

Betula pendula (03/07/2015, Walworth, London)

Betula pendula (03/07/2015, Walworth, London)

Position: Full sun to partial shade

Flowering period: Late Spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 30m

Eventual Spread: 10m

Hardiness: 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Family: Betulaceae

Betula pendula Winter (18/12/10, Southbank, London)

Betula pendula Winter (18/12/10, Southbank, London)

Betula pendula is a medium sized deciduous tree with an open habit.  Its leaves are pale green and turn yellow in autumn. The branches of this tree are arching with hanging branchlets.The trunk of this tree may achieve a diameter of 40cm. The bark of this tree is white with slightly browned lenticels running horizontally across the bark. The flowers are catkins, the seeds of which are dispersed by wind. As they are shallow rooted they may require water during dry periods. The trees have a relatively short life-span of twenty to twenty five years.

Betula pendula, commonly known as the Silver Birch, is native to most of Europe (including the UK) and south west Asia. In its native habitat is a pioneer woodland species.

Betula pendula Leaf (03/07/2015, Walworth, London)

Betula pendula Leaf (03/07/2015, Walworth, London)

The etymological root of the binomial name Betula is the old Latin name for the Birch tree. Pendula is derived from the younger branches weeping slightly.

The landscape architect may find Betula pendula useful as a small deciduous tree which provides dappled shade. It makes a striking impact when planted in tight groupings to form a grove of white stems. This tree is tolerant of urban pollution.

Ecologically, Betula pendula is of high conservation value for birds, insects and mammals.

Betula pendula Bark (03/07/2015, Walworth, London)

Betula pendula Bark (03/07/2015, Walworth, London)

The Royal Horticultural Society have given Betula pendula their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Betula pendula prefers moist, well-drained sandy soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. Will tolerate pollution associated with industrial sites.

Betula pendula requires little to no maintenance. The lower branches may be pruned back to reveal the bark at eye level.

Davis Landscape Architecture


2 Responses to “Betula pendula”

  1. Sidiel 28/05/2011 at 16:45 #

    Hey, can i ask you where is this place with the picture?

    Thanks for answer 😉

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