Fatsia japonica

9 Feb

Fatsia japonica (15/08/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Fatsia japonica (15/08/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Partial shade, will tolerate full sun

Soil: Moist, well drained

Flowering period: Autumn

Eventual Height: 4m

Eventual Spread: 4m

Hardiness: 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b

Family: Araliaceae

Fatsia japonica Leaf (15/08/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Fatsia japonica Leaf (15/08/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Fatsia japonica is an evergreen shrub with a rounded, dense habit. The stout shoots have very large and rounded leaves. They are deeply lobed and are a glossy, dark green. In autumn it produces 5 petaled, creamy white flowers that are 6mm across. The flowers present in umbels which are themselves stalked from compound umbels forming masses of flowers with a high visual impact. Small spherical white fruit which then turn black with age follows on from the flowers.

Fatsia japonica new leaf (23/04/2008, Kennington, London)

Fatsia japonica new leaf (23/04/2008, Kennington, London)

Fatsia japonica, commonly known as Fasti, the False Castor Oil Plant or the Japanese Aralia, is native to southern Japan and South Korea.

The etymological root of the binomial name Fatsia may be derived from the old Japanese word for ‘eight’ and sources have given both fatsi and yatsuba as its Japanese common names, reader input is welcomed on this matter. Japonica is derived from the Latin meaning ‘of Japan’

Fatsia japonica seed (09/02/2015, Walworth London)

Fatsia japonica seed (09/02/2015, Walworth London)

Fatsia japonica is useful to the landscape architect as a shrub with a tropical appearance but a high frost tolerance. It also has a fine architectural habit and a late flowering period. It is also tolerant to a coastal climate and atmospheric pollution but will require a sheltered location.

Ecologically, Fatsia japonica provides cover for birds in a similar manner to Ilex. It also provides a valuable source of late nectar for insects and the berries are highly attractive to Blackbirds.

Fatsia japonica Berries (14/04/2012, London)

Fatsia japonica Berries (14/04/2012, London)

The Royal Horticultural Society have given Fatsia japonica their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Fatsia japonica prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It will tolerate most pH of soil.

Fatsia japonica requires little maintenance. Pruning, if necessary (to encourage good form), should be carried out in spring. It should be planted in spring as it is susceptible to frost during establishment.

Davis Landscape Architecture

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One Response to “Fatsia japonica”

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  1. plant japonica - 16/05/2011

    […] Plant of the week: Fatsia japonica В« landscape architecture Blog Feb 9, 2011 … Commonly known as Fasti, the False Castor Oil Plant and the Japanese Aralia, Fatsia japonica is … […]

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