Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’

24 Feb

Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis' flower (20/02/2011, London)

Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’ flower (20/02/2011, London)

Position: Full sun to partial shade

Soil: Moist, well drained

Flowering period: Autumn to spring

Eventual Height: 8m

Eventual Spread: 8m

Hardiness: 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Family: Rosaceae

Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’ is a deciduous tree with a spreading habit. During the summer it has ovate, taper pointed dark green leaves which yellow in autumn. It bears it bears semi-double, pink tinged white flowers in mild periods between autumn to spring. They present in clusters of two to five and are sometimes followed by cherry like, ovoid, red to black fruit.

Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’, commonly known as Spring Cherry, Higan cherry, or Rosebud Cherry, is native to Japan. The species is believed to be cultivated with no records of it in the wild.

The etymological root of the binomial name Prunus is from the classical name of the plum tree. Subhirtella is derived from the Latin hirtus ‘hairy’ referring to the leaves and young wood. Autumnalis refers to autumn flowering.

Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis' (20/02/2011, London)

Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’ (20/02/2011, London)

Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’ is useful to the landscape architect for its autumn colour and winter flowers. It is best placed as a specimen tree and allowed to produce its own natural architectural form.

Ecologically, Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’ is attractive to bees.

The Royal Horticultural Society have given Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’ their prestigious Award of Garden Merit.

Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’ prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’ requires little maintenance. Under no circumstances should it be lightly pruned. If it requires pruning due to damage the whole branch should be removed. Pruning should be carried out after flowering, from April to July to minimise the risk of Silver leaf infection.

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3 Responses to “Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’”

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Plant of the week: Prunus spinosa « landscape architecture Blog - 16/03/2011

    […] Another attractive member of this genus previously covered in this blog is Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’. […]

  2. Winter Cherry Blossoms: Don’t Panic, They Haven’t Peaked Early | Japan America Society of Greater Philadelphia - 10/09/2015

    […] sporadically throughout the winter.” One such species that may bloom in the winter is the Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’, which may bloom in mild periods of weather from autumn to […]

  3. Winter Cherry Blossoms: Don’t Panic, They Haven’t Peaked Early | Subaru Cherry Blossom Festival of Greater Philadelphia - 26/10/2015

    […] sporadically throughout the winter.” One such species that may bloom in the winter is the Prunus subhirtella ‘Autumnalis’, which may bloom in mild periods of weather from autumn to […]

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