Rosa canina

12 Jun

Rosa canina flower (21/05/2011, London)

Rosa canina flower (21/05/2011, London)

Position: Full sun to light shade

Soil: Moist, well drained

Flowering period: Early summer

Eventual Height: 4m (taller with support)

Eventual Spread:  6m

Hardiness: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Family: Rosaceae

Rosa canina is a deciduous shrub with a rambling and scrambling habit. Its spiny (modified leaves) stems bear pinnate leaves, composed of up to 7 dark green leaflets with serrated margins. Its early summer fragrant hermaphrodite flowers have five petals and can vary between deep pink and white. Following on from the flower in autumn scarlet red fruit 15mm-20mm long are produced, commonly known as hips. These are edible and rich in vitamin C. This plant spreads by suckers.

Rosa canina (21/05/2011, London)

Rosa canina (21/05/2011, London)

Rosa canina, commonly known as Dog Rose is native to north west Africa, western Asia and Europe, including England. It was used in the 18th and 19th centuries, among other things, to treat the bite of a rabid dog. The hips are still used in herbal medicine today and are believed to treat bladder and kidney disorders. It was an invaluable source of vitamin C during the world wars and continues to be used to make syrup, jellies and other preserves to this day. A commercial soft drink called Cockta is still produced in Slovenia which uses Dog Rose as one of its flavorings.

The etymological root of the binomial name Rosa is from the ancient Latin term for the rose. Canina is also from the Latin, meaning ‘dog like’, this may refer to this rose being inferior to the cultivated garden roses or it may refer to the use of this rose in the treating of rabid dog bite.

Rosa canina hip (13/09/2011, Southend On Sea)

Rosa canina hip (13/09/2011, Southend On Sea)

The Landscape architect may find Rosa canina useful in many naturalistic applications where native planting is essential. It may be used as part of a native woodland mix forming one of the components of the understory and will be found at the woodland edge once mature. This plant can also from an  important component of a native mixed hedge or used on its own to form an impressive, impenetrable native hedge.

Rosa canina will tolerate almost any soil conditions; it will be happy in acid, neutral or alkaline pH levels, in loam, sand, clay or chalk in a sheltered or exposed location facing any aspect.

Ecologically, Rosa canina will attract many pollinating insects such as honey bees and its fruit will attract birds and other foraging animals. The fruit are eaten by birds and mammals.

Rosa canina requires little maintenance if grown in a naturalistic environment. If the plant needs to be restricted due to climbing trees or spreading where it is not wanted or is being maintained as a hedge, it may be pruned in late Autumn or winter.


One Response to “Rosa canina”

  1. bhupal singh 08/02/2014 at 15:36 #

    hi my name is bhupal singh frome india i i lik and love this product i wish i can be raconis this rosa canina bcs this rosa canina we have in our place in himalaya in india lots off contety i wish if i can be busnish fore that one day thanks

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