Matteuccia struthiopteris

20 Jun

Matteuccia struthiopteris detail (28/05/2011, Vsetin, Czech Republic)

Matteuccia struthiopteris detail (28/05/2011, Vsetin, Czech Republic)

Position: Full to partial shade

Soil: Moist, well drained.

Flowering period: Releases spores from previous seasons inner fronds in spring.

Eventual Height: 1m

Eventual Spread: 45cm

Hardiness: 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b

Family: Onocleaceae

Matteuccia struthiopteris is a deciduous fern with a shuttlecock-like habit.it is stoloniferous and rhizomatous. its foliage is in the form of lance shaped, divided, erect, bipinnatifid fronds which are arranged in a rosette at the base of the plant. This fern is dimorphic with the outermost fronds being sterile and a bright green. The inner fronds are dense,dark brown and fertile. These are produced in autumn, releasing their spores in the following spring.

Matteuccia struthiopteris plan (28/05/2011, Vsetin, Czech Republic)

Matteuccia struthiopteris plan (28/05/2011, Vsetin, Czech Republic)

Matteuccia struthiopteris also, commonly known as the Ostrich Fern or Shuttlecock Fern, is native to most parts of the temperate northern hemisphere, including North America, Europe and Asia. Although primarily grown ornamental in Europe, the immature fronds are eaten in both North America and Japan.

The etymological root of the binomial name Matteuccia was named after C. Matteucci, a 19th century Italian physicist. Struthiopteris is derived from the Latin meaning ‘ostrich wing’ in reference to the appearance of this plant.

Matteuccia struthiopteris (28/05/2011, Vsetin, Czech Republic)

Matteuccia struthiopteris (28/05/2011, Vsetin, Czech Republic)

The Landscape architect may find Matteuccia struthiopteris useful is shady semi-dry conditions. It is suitable for planting in the woodland context. It may produce large colonies by spreading underground rhizomes and is useful on riverbanks which are prone to flooding.

Matteuccia struthiopteris will tolerate many soil conditions; it will be happy in neutral or acid pH levels, in loam, sand or clay based soils and will prefers a sheltered location facing any aspect.

Ecologically, Matteuccia struthiopteris will attract many lepidoptera, whose larval form will feed on the plants foliage.

The Royal Horticultural Society have given Matteuccia struthiopteris their prestigious Award of Garden Merit.

Matteuccia struthiopteris requires little maintenance.

Davis Landscape Architecture

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