Sequoiadendron giganteum

3 Sep

Sequoiadendron giganteum (16/08/2011, Cambridge)

Sequoiadendron giganteum (16/08/2011, Cambridge)

Position: Full sun to partial shade

Soil: Deep, well drained

Flowering period: Spring

Eventual Height: 80m

Eventual Spread: 10m

Hardiness: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Family: Cupressaceae

Subfamily: Sequoioideae

Sequoiadendron giganteum is a fast growing evergreen, coniferous tree with an uptight, cone shaped habit. Its leaves are awl-shaped and arranged spirally on the shoots. Its monoecious flowers are wind pollinated, taking the form of cones which take 18-20 months to mature. It has distinctive red coloured fibrous bark which is deeply furrowed and can be up to 90cm thick at the base of a mature tree.

Sequoiadendron giganteum Leaf (190/09/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Sequoiadendron giganteum Leaf (190/09/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Sequoiadendron giganteum, commonly known as the Giant Sequoia, Sierra Redwood or Wellingtonia, is native to the western slopes of Sierra Nevada in the USA. This tree is the only living tree in its genus and is one of three trees know as Redwoods, the other two being Sequoia sempervirens (Cost Redwood) and Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood). Sequoiadendron giganteum  is the worlds largest tree in terms of total volume.

Sequoiadendron giganteum was first named Wellingtonia gigantea in 1853 by John Lindley, this had to be changed as the genus Wellingtonia had already been used for an unrelated plant. In 1854 it was renamed to Sequoia gigantia by Joseph Decaisne. Once again this name was invalid. In 1907 Carl Ernst Otto Kuntze place this tree in the fossil genus Steinhauera. However doubts as to whether this tree was related to this genus made this name invalid. It was finally given its current nomenclatural name in 1939 by J. Buchholz.

Sequoiadendron giganteum juvenile cones (16/08/2011, Cambridge)

Sequoiadendron giganteum juvenile cones (16/08/2011, Cambridge)

The etymological root of the binomial name Sequoiadendron is derived from Sequoia  meaning ‘Big Tree’ from the famous Native American Cherokee tribe and dendron the Latin for ‘tree’.  Giganteum is derived from the Latin meaning large or gigantic.

Sequoiadendron giganteum may be useful to the landscape architect as a large, maintenance free evergreen conifer specimen tree. This tree will not tolerate maritime exposure

The Royal Horticultural Society gave Sequoiadendron giganteum their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Sequoiadendron giganteum Bark (190/09/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Sequoiadendron giganteum Bark (190/09/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Sequoiadendron giganteum will tolerate most soil conditions; it will be happy at neutral to acid pH levels, in loam. It prefers a sandy soil although loamy or clay soils are both acceptable.

Ecologically,  Sequoiadendron giganteum may attract various species of birds which will perch on its branches and shelter in its foliage.

Sequoiadendron giganteum requires little maintenance. Dead or damaged material may be removed in winter.

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