Griselinia littoralis

22 Oct

Griselinia littoralis leaf (15/10/2011, London)

Griselinia littoralis leaf (15/10/2011, London)

Position: Full Sun

Flowering period: May (but inconspicuous)

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 8m

Eventual Spread: 4m

Hardiness: 8b, 9a, 9b

Family: Griseliniaceae

Griselinia littoralis is a small to medium sized upright evergreen shrub with a bushy habit. Its glossy mid leathery green leaves are simple ovate with entire margins, up to 12cm long and 6cm broad. The flowers are borne on 5cm long panicles, with each panicle bearing 50 to 100 individual inconspicuous flowers. Each flower is up to 4mm across, greenish yellow with 5 sepals and stamens. The fruit is a small blackish berry.

Griselinia littoralis, commonly known as the New Zealand Privet or Kapuka, is native to New Zealand where it typically grows in coastal locations. It is widely cultivated both in New Zealand and in other areas with mild oceanic climates, including the UK, where it is valued for its tolerance in maritime climate. It is used frequently as a hedging plant and is often clipped like a Privet. G. littoralis has been cultivated in the UK since 1872.

The etymological root of the binomial name Griselinia is it was named after the Venetian botanist, Franc Griselini. Littoralis is derived from the Latin meaning ‘of the sea shore’. 
Griselinia littoralis (15/10/2011, London)

Griselinia littoralis (15/10/2011, London)

The landscape architect may find Griselinia littoralis useful as an evergreen hedging plant, if necessary it can be grown as a large hedge of up to 4m  Due to it’s tolerance of salt spray it is very suited to maritime locations.

Griselinia littoralis prefers a well drained fertile soil. It is drought tolerant once established.

Ecologically, Griselinia littoralis may be of value to nesting birds. As it is a non native I do not believe it is of food value to our native fauna.

Griselinia littoralis was awarded the prestigious Royal Horticultural Societies  Award of Garden Merit in 1993

Griselinia littoralis requires little maintenance. It should be pruned in late spring or summer when being managed as a hedge.


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