Eucalyptus viminalis

2 Apr

Eucalyptus viminalis Leaf (11/03/2012, Kew, London)

Eucalyptus viminalis Leaf (11/03/2012, Kew, London)

Position: Full sun

Flowering period: Summer

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 25m

Eventual Spread: 15m

Hardiness: 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11

Family: Myrtaceae

Eucalyptus viminalis is a fast growing, large evergreen tree with  broadly columnar shape. Its grey/ green simple leaves are arranged oppositely, are lanceolate with entire leaf margins and up to 15cm long. The bark of the tree is quite rough and exfoliates, peeling away in long ribbons. The flowers of the tree are hermaphrodite, white in colour and are arranged in umbels. The fruit is a poricidal capsule.

Eucalyptus viminalis (11/03/2012, Kew, London)

Eucalyptus viminalis (11/03/2012, Kew, London)

Eucalyptus viminalis, commonly known as Manna Gum, White Gum, Viminalis or Ribbon Gum, is native to south east Australia. It was introduced into the UK in 1885. It is currently used for small scale forestry production in Ireland. There are three sub species of this tree Eucalyptus viminalis Subsp. viminalis, Eucalyptus viminalis Subsp. cygnetensis andEucalyptus viminalis Subsp.pryoriana.

Eucalyptus viminalis Bark (11/03/2012, Kew, London)

Eucalyptus viminalis Bark (11/03/2012, Kew, London)

The etymological root of the binomial name Eucalyptus is derived from the Greek  eu  ‘good‘  and  kalyptos ’covered’ referring to the calyx which forms a lid over the flowers when in bud. Viminalis is derived from the Latin viminis ‘twig’, in reference to the suitability of this plants twigs for basket making.

The landscape architect may find  Eucalyptus viminalis useful as a large evergreen specimen tree where space permits. It is suitable for maritime planting. It is suitable for pollarding and coppicing. Once established this tree is drought tolerant.

Eucalyptus viminalis Fruit (11/03/2012, Kew, London)

Eucalyptus viminalis Fruit (11/03/2012, Kew, London)

Ecologically,  Eucalyptus  viminalis  is attractive to bees which pollinate the trees flowers.

Eucalyptus viminalis prefers moist, well-drained soils, including very well drained. It tolerates most pH of soil, including acidic soils. It will not tolerate wet soils.

Eucalyptus viminalis requires little maintenance.

Davis Landscape Architecture

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