Prunus sargentii

30 Oct

Prunus sargentii (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Prunus sargentii (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun light shade

Flowering period: Spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 12m

Eventual Spread: 10m

Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b

Family: Rosaceae

Prunus sargentii Flower (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Prunus sargentii Flower (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Prunus sargentii is a fast growing, small deciduous spreading tree, with a vase shaped habit. Its dark green leaves are alternate, obovate with serrate margins and up to 12cm long. Its new leaves appear red/ bronze in spring and in autumn before they fall they turn red/ orange/ yellow. Its bark is dark brown with radial raised orange ridges, typical of a lot of the flowering Cherry’s. Its pink flowers are single, up to 4cm across and appear in clusters. Its fruit is a small red/ back cherry. Its roots are spreading and relatively shallow.

Prunus sargentii Autumn (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Prunus sargentii Autumn (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Prunus sargentii, commonly known as the Sargent’s Cherry, Ezo Mountain Cherry, Big Mountain Cherry or North Japanese Hill Cherry, is native to Japan, Korea and Sakhalin. It was introduced into the UK in 1908.

The etymological root of the binomial name Prunus is from the classical Latin name of the plum tree. Sargentii is named after Charles Sprague Sargent (1841 – 1927), an American botanist.

The landscape architect may find Prunus sargentii useful as a small parkland and street tree. It looks great when planted in avenues and provides spring, and autumn interest. The shallow rooting nature of this tree should be considered when planting the tree, as mowers may cut the roots encouraging suckering, creating a maintenance problem. This tree is moderately drought tolerant.

Prunus sargentii Bark (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Prunus sargentii Bark (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Ecologically, Prunus sargentii fruit is attractive to birds and mammals.

The Royal Horticultural Society has given Prunus sargentii their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Prunus sargentii prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. It will not tolerate wet soils.

Prunus sargentii Leaf (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Prunus sargentii Leaf (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Prunus sargentii requires little maintenance. Pruning should be carried out after flowering, from April to July to minimise the risk of Silver leaf infection.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: