Euonymus hamiltonianus

17 Nov

Euonymus hamiltonianus (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Euonymus hamiltonianus (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to dappled shade

Flowering period: Early summer

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 10m

Eventual Spread: 7m

Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b

Family: Celastraceae

Euonymus hamiltonianus is a large, deciduous shrub or small tree. Its dark green leaves are ovate with serrulate margins, up to 11cm long and 2.5cm broad. Its leaves turn bright pink/ yellow in autumn before they fall. Its green/ white flowers are small, up to 7mm long. Its fruit is bright pink, these split open to reveal red berries during the autumn months.

Euonymus hamiltonianus Fruit (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Euonymus hamiltonianus Fruit (20/10/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Euonymus hamiltonianus, commonly known as the Chinese Spindle Tree or Hamilton’s Spindle Tree, is native to parts of the Himalayas, south east China and Japan. In its native habitat it grows in mixed woodland.

The etymological root of the binomial name for Euonymus is derived from the Greek eu meaning ‘good’ and onoma, the name given by the ancient Greeks for the Euonymus genus. Hamiltonianus is named for Francis Buchanan-Hamilton (1762-1829), a Scottish physician who mad significant contribution to botany while living in India.

The landscape architect may find Euonymus hamiltonianus useful as part of a woodland or woodland edge planting scheme. It will tolerate dry shady locations.

Ecologically, Euonymus hamiltonianus flowers are attractive to pollinating insects. The seeds are attractive to some birds.

Euonymus hamiltonianus Leaf (30/11/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Euonymus hamiltonianus Leaf (30/11/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

The Royal Horticultural Society has given Euonymus hamiltonianus their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Euonymus hamiltonianus prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Euonymus hamiltonianus requires little maintenance.

Davis Landscape Architecture

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2 Responses to “Euonymus hamiltonianus”

  1. D. Hollombe 08/12/2012 at 17:11 #

    Named for Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, 1762-1829

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