Pyrus ussuriensis

15 Apr

Pyrus ussuriensis var. hondoensis (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Pyrus ussuriensis var. hondoensis (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to light shade

Flowering period: Early spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 12m

Eventual Spread: 8m

Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Family: Rosaceae

Pyrus ussuriensis var. hondoensis Flower (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Pyrus ussuriensis var. hondoensis Flower (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Pyrus ussuriensis is a medium sized deciduous tree with a rounded habit. Its glossy dark green leaves are ovate with serrulate margins, up to 10cm long and 6cm broad. Its leaves turn red/ purple/ yellow in autumn before they fall. Its white hermaphrodite  flowers are up to 3cm across. Its green/ yellow fruit is a pome which is up to 3cm across and matures is autumn.

Pyrus ussuriensis Autumn Leaf (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Pyrus ussuriensis Autumn Leaf (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Pyrus ussuriensis, commonly known as Siberian Pear, Chinese Pear, Harbin Pear, Ussurian Pear or Manchurian Pear, is native to east Asia.

The etymological root of the binomial name Pyrus is the classical name for the Pear tree. Ussuriensis is from the Latin meaning ‘from Ussuri’, a river bordering Russia and China.

Pyrus ussuriensis Fruit (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Pyrus ussuriensis Fruit (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

The landscape architect may find Pyrus ussuriensis useful as an attractive spring flowering tree with interesting leaf colour in autumn. This is a suitable species of Pear tree for colder climates. This tree is tolerant of atmospheric pollution and once established this tree is moderately drought tolerant.

Pyrus ussuriensis Bark (16/03/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Pyrus ussuriensis Bark (16/03/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Ecologically, Pyrus ussuriensis flowers are attractive to pollinating insects. The fruit of this tree is attractive to some birds and mammals.

Pyrus ussuriensis prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Pyrus ussuriensis requires little maintenance.

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