Erythronium albidum

15 May

Erythronium albidum (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Erythronium albidum (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to light shade

Flowering period: Late spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 30cm

Eventual Spread: 15cm

Hardiness: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Family: Liliaceae

Erythronium albidum is a deciduous herbaceous, perennial with a clump forming habit. Its dark green, purple mottled  leaves appear in pairs, are lanceolate to ovate with entire margins, up to 16cm long and 4cm broad. Its white flowers are Lilly like, up to 4cm across and appear on naked stalks. Its roots emerge from an oval shaped bulb, these will produce stolons which aids its spread.

Erythronium albidum, commonly known as the White Fawn Lily or White Trout Lily, is native to central and eastern North America. In its native habitat it grows in woodlands and scrub. This plant has historically been used for a number of medicinal uses by the native Americans and settlers.

The etymological root of the binomial name Erythronium is derived from the Greek erythros meaning ‘red’, as to what the red refers to in this species we are unclear. Albidum is derived from the Latin albo meaning ‘make white’.

Erythronium albidum Flower (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Erythronium albidum Flower (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

The landscape architect may find Erythronium albidum useful in shady moist locations including woodlands.

Ecologically,  Erythronium albidum flowers are attractive to pollinating insects.

Erythronium albidum prefers moist, humus rich fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. It dislikes dry soils.

Erythronium albidum requires little maintenance. Large clumps may be divided after flowering.

Davis Landscape Architecture

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: