Azara microphylla

24 Feb

Azara microphylla (02/02/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Azara microphylla (02/02/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to dappled shade

Flowering period: Late winter to early spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 8m

Eventual Spread: 4m

Hardiness:  8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a

Family: Salicaceae

Azara microphylla is an evergreen small tree or large shrub with an upright open habit. Its glossy dark green leaves are ovate with entire margins, up to 25mm long and 10m broad. Its small yellow fragrant flowers appear in cluster in the leaf axils. Its fruit is a small red berry, although this rarely develops.

Azara microphylla Leaf (02/02/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Azara microphylla Leaf (02/02/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Azara microphylla, commonly known as Box Leaf Azara or Chinchin, is native to Chile and Argentina.

The etymological root of the binomial name Azara was named after Don Jose Nicolas de Azara (1730 -1804). Microphylla is derived from the Greek mikro meaning ‘small’ and phyllon meaning ‘leaf’’.

The landscape architect may find Azara microphylla useful as a small, winter flowering evergreen tree. Its may also be effectively used as an evergreen hedging species. This plant prefers a sheltered position in the UK.

Azara microphylla Flower Buds (02/02/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Azara microphylla Flower Buds (02/02/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Ecologically, Azara microphylla flowers are attractive to pollinating insects.

The Royal Horticultural Society has given Azara microphylla their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Azara microphylla prefers moist, fertile, humus rich, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Azara microphylla Bark (02/02/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Azara microphylla Bark (02/02/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Azara microphylla requires little maintenance.

Davis Landscape Architecture

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One Response to “Azara microphylla”

  1. David Hollombe 25/02/2014 at 15:45 #

    “Genus dicatum Ex. D. Josepho Nicolao de Azara, qui mirifica ingenii acie, et singulari doctrina praeditus, inter gravissima negotia D. Guilliami Bowlesii Introductionem in Hispaniae Geographiam Physicam, et Historiam Naturalem digessit, illustravit, edidit, Botanices , Picturae , ceterarumque bonarum Artium, et fructuosarum Scientiarum Promotor egregius.” (Florae Peruvianae et Chilensis prodromus.
    Hipólito Ruiz López, and José Pavón. 1797)

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