Clematis cirrhosa

26 Mar

Clematis cirrhosa (16/03/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Clematis cirrhosa (16/03/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Sun to Partial Shade

Flowering Period: Winter to early spring

Soil: Well drained

Eventual Height: 3m

Eventual Spread: 3m

Hardiness: 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Family: Ranunculaceae

Clematis cirrhosa is a winter flowering evergreen climber. Its dark green glossy leaves are finely cut and tinged to bronze in winter. This plant climbs by wrapping its leaf stalk around any suitable purchase. Its fragrant flowers are cream coloured with red speckles, bell shaped and up to 5cm across. These are followed by attractive fluffy seed heads. 

Clematis cirrhosa Flower (16/03/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Clematis cirrhosa Flower (16/03/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Clematis cirrhosa, commonly known as Winter Clematis or Evergreen Clematis, is native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. In its native habitat it grows in deciduous woodlands and scrub.

The etymological root of the binomial name Clematis is derived from the Greek klema ’vine shoot’, alluding to the climbing habit of the species. Cirrhosa is derived from the Greek kirros meaning ‘orange/ tawny’ referring to the flower colour.

The landscape architect may find Clematis cirrhosa useful as an evergreen winter flowering climber. It is suitable for planting against a wall, pergola or trellis. This climber prefers a sheltered position with its roots planted in the shade.

Clematis cirrhosa Leaf (16/03/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Clematis cirrhosa Leaf (16/03/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

The Royal Horticultural Society has given the variety Clematis cirrhosa ‘Freckles’ their it prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Clematis cirrhosa prefers most well drained fertile soils. It can tolerate most pH of soil. It will not tolerate wet soils.

Clematis cirrhosa requires little to no maintenance. If necessary this plant may be pruned after flowering to encourage new growth for the next seasons flowers.

Davis Landscape Architecture

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