Abies sachalinensis

26 Jan

Abies sachalinensis (30/12/14, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies sachalinensis (30/12/14, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to shade

Flowering period: Spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 30m

Eventual Spread: 10m

Hardiness: 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Family: Pinaceae

Abies sachalinensis Leaf (30/12/14, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies sachalinensis Leaf (30/12/14, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies sachalinensis is a slow growing evergreen coniferous tree with a conical habit. Its mid green aromatic leaves are needle like, flattened with a pointed tip, up to 3.5cm long and 1.5mm broad. Its trunk may achieve a diameter of up to 50cm. Its grey bark is smooth. Its male flowers are pale yellow pollen cones. Its fruit are cylindrical cones, up to 8cm long, 3cm broad, blue/ brown when young, maturing brown.

Abies sachalinensis, commonly known as Sakhalin Fir, is native to the far eastern islands of Russia and north Japan. In its native habitat it grows in mixed mountain woodland from sea level to  1600m.

Abies sachalinensis Buds (30/12/14, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies sachalinensis Buds (30/12/14, Kew Gardens, London)

The etymological root of the binomial name Abies is derived from the ancient Latin name for the Fir tree. Sachalinensis is named after the island of Sakhalin, from where this tree was first discovered.

When available the landscape architect may find Abies sachalinensis useful as an attractive ornamental evergreen tree suitable for shady or dappled shade conditions.

Abies sachalinensis Bark (30/12/14, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies sachalinensis Bark (30/12/14, Kew Gardens, London)

Ecologically, Abies sachalinensis seeds are attractive to some birds.

Abies sachalinensis prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It prefers an acid to neutral pH of soil.

Abies sachalinensis requires little maintenance.

Davis Landscape Architecture

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: