Dendropanax trifidus

11 May

Dendropanax trifidus (01/04/2015, Nezu Museum, Tokyo, Japan)

Dendropanax trifidus (01/04/2015, Nezu Museum, Tokyo, Japan)

Position: Partial shade to shade

Flowering period: Spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 5m

Eventual Spread: 2.5m

Hardiness: 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b

Family: Araliaceae

Dendropanax trifidus is an evergreen small tree or large shrub with an upright, oval habit . Its dark green glossy with the juvenile leaves being palmate with entire margins, generally have three lobes, up to 12cm long and 12cm wide. Its mature leaves are ovate with shallow lobes and entire margins, up to 12cm long and 8cm broad. In the winter months its leaves turn red/ burgundy in colour. Its green/ white flowers appear as terminal umbels which are up to 2cm across. Its fruit are ellipsoid, initially green, turning black with age, up to 8mm long.

Dendropanax trifidus, commonly known as Tree Ivy, is native to Japan and Taiwan. In its native habitat this plant grows in forests and thickets. This plant may cause irritation to sensitive skin.

The etymological root of the binomial name Dendropanax is derived from the Greek dendron ‘a tree’ and Panax another genus of plant. Trifidus is from the Latin meaning ‘divided to form three prongs’.

The landscape architect may find Dendropanax trifidus useful as a large attractive foliage shrub for shaded locations.

Dendropanax trifidus Leaf (01/04/2015, Nezu Museum, Tokyo, Japan)

Dendropanax trifidus Leaf (01/04/2015, Nezu Museum, Tokyo, Japan)

Ecologically, Dendropanax trifidus flowers are attractive to polinating insects. Its berries are attractive to some birds.

Dendropanax trifidus prefers moist, humus rich, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. It dislikes dry soils and drought conditions.

Dendropanax trifidus requires little maintenance.

Davis Landscape Architecture

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