Position: Full sun to partial shade
Flowering period: Mid to late spring
Soil: Moist, well drained
Eventual Height: 15m
Eventual Spread: 15m
Hardiness: 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
Malus baccata is a deciduous tree with a spreading habit. Its mid green leaves are ovate to elliptic with serrulate margins, up to 8cm long and 3.5cm broad. Its leaves turn yellow/ orange in autumn before they fall. Its grey/ brown bark is deeply fissured. Its white flowers are up to 4cm across and appear at the same time as its leaves. Its red/ yellow fruit is a pomme, up to 1cm across and matures in autumn.
Malus baccata, commonly known as Siberian Crab Apple or Siberian Crab, is native to eastern Asia, from north China to the Himalayas. In its native habitat it grows on open slopes and mixed forests. It is widely used as a root stock plant as it is highly resistant to pests and cold.
The etymological root of the binomial name Malus is from the ancient Latin name for the apple tree. Baccata is derived from the Latin bacca meaning ‘small berry’ or ’round fruit’.
The landscape architect may find Malus baccata useful as a small tree with attractive spring flowers, autumn leaf colour and edible fruit.
Ecologically, Malus baccata flowers are attractive to pollinating insects. Its fruit are attractive to birds and some mammals (including humans).
Malus baccata prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.
Malus baccata requires little maintenance. Dead or damaged material may be removed in winter.