Position: Dappled shade to full shade
Flowering period: Mid spring to early summer
Soil: Moist, well drained
Eventual Height: 60cm
Eventual Spread: 30cm
Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
Diphylleia cymosa is a deciduous herbaceous perennial with a clump forming habit. Its mid green glossy leaves are lobate, up to 55cm long and 55cm broad. The leaf blade is divided at its apex into 2 parts, with each part having up to nine lobes, sparse pubescent hairs and a dentate margin. Its white flowers are borne in terminal compound cymes, up to 5cm across. Its blue/ purple fruit is an ovoid berry and borne on conspicuous red stalks. Its roots are rhizomatous which aids its slow spread.
Diphylleia cymosa, commonly known as Umbrella Leaf or American Umbrella Leaf, is native to south east North America. In its native habitat it grows in mountainous woodland in wet areas and stream sides.
The etymological root of the binomial name Diphylleia is from the Greek di meaning ‘two’ and phyllon meaning ‘leaf’, referring to the two parts of the leaves. Cymosa is from the Latin meaning ‘furnished with cymes’.
The landscape architect may find Diphylleia cymosa useful as an ornamental woodland groundcover plant.
Ecologically, Diphylleia cymosa is attractive to pollinating insects. Its berries are attractive to some birds and mammals.
Diphylleia cymosa prefers moist, fertile, humus rich, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.
Diphylleia cymosa requires little maintenance.