Quercus shumardii

19 Nov

Quercus shumardii Autumn (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Quercus shumardii Autumn (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to partial shade

Flowering period: Spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 35m

Eventual Spread: 25m

Hardiness: 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Family: Fagaceae

Quercus shumardii is a long lived deciduous tree with a conic to ovate crown when young, maturing to a spreading crown. Its dark green leaves are obovate with up to 9 lobes, up to 20cm long and 15cm broad. Its leaves turn red/ brown in autumn before they fall. Its trunk may achieve a diameter of up to 1m. Its bark is light grey and smooth when young and darker grey with ridges as it matures. Its flowers are monoecious, the male being light brown/ green catkins, the female are small and insignificant. Its fruit are cupped acorns which are up to 3cm across.

Quercus shumardii Autumn Leaf (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Quercus shumardii Autumn Leaf (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Quercus shumardii, commonly known as Shumard Oak, Spotted Oak or Shumard Red Oak is native to  south east and south central USA. In its native habitat it grows in mixed forests in lowland areas which occasionally flood.

The etymological root of the binomial name Quercus is derived from the Latin name for an Oak tree, but some authorities believe it to be derived from the Celtic quer meaning ‘fine’ and cuez meaning ‘a tree’. Shumardii is named after Benjamin Franklin Shumard (1820 – 1869), an American geologist.

Quercus shumardii Bark (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Quercus shumardii Bark (08/11/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

The landscape architect may find Quercus shumardii useful as a parkland tree with attractive autumn leaf colour. It is also suitable for rain garden and swale planting due to its tolerance of flooded soils. Once established this tree is drought tolerant.

Ecologically, Quercus shumardii acorns are attractive to some mammals and birds.

Quercus shumardii prefers moist, deep, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Quercus shumardii requires little maintenance.

DAVIS Landscape Architecture

Landscape Architecture

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: