Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’

17 Dec

Ilex aquifolium 'Handsworth New Silver' (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun

Flowering period: Late spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 6m

Eventual Spread: 4m

Hardiness: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b

Family: Aquifoliaceae

Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ is an evergreen large shrub or small tree with an upright habit. Its glossy dark green leaves have silver/ cream margins, are ovate with spiny margins, up to 6cm long and 4cm broad and variable in shape. Its bark is grey and smooth. This variety is a female form of Ilex and will not produce male pollen, a male Ilex aquifolium or variety will need to be in close proximity in order for this plant to produce berries. Its red fruit are berries and these persist on the plant through the winter months.

Ilex aquifolium 'Handsworth New Silver' Leaf (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ Leaf (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

The species Ilex aquifolium, commonly known as European Holly, English Holly or just Holly, is native to western and southern Europe (including the UK), northwest Africa and southwest Asia. Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ is commonly known as Holly ‘Handsworth New Silver’.

The etymological root of the binomial name Ilex is derived from the old Latin name for the Holly. Aquifolium is derived from the Latin acus ’needle’ and floium ’leaf’, in reference to the pointed leaves.

The landscape architect may find Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ useful as a specimen shrub with attractive winter fruit. It may also be grown as a formal hedge and effective barrier. It will tolerate maritime conditions and atmospheric pollution.

Ilex aquifolium 'Handsworth New Silver' Berries (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ Berries (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Ecologically,  Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ flowers are attractive to pollinating insects. The canopy of this shrub forms an effective shelter for nesting birds.

The Royal Horticultural Society have given Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ requires little maintenance. If maintaining as a hedge it should be cut in late autumn to early spring. If necessary it may also be cut in mid summer, but winter berries may be lost.

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Landscape Architecture

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