Search results for 'Alliaceae'

Allium senescens

26 Jul

Allium senescens (02/07/2016, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium senescens (02/07/2016, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to light shade

Soil: Moist, well drained

Flowering period: Summer

Eventual Height: 50cm

Eventual Spread:  20cm

Hardiness: 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Sub Family: Alliaceae

Allium senescens is a deciduous/ semi evergreen bulbous perennial with a clump forming habit. Its dark green are linear, hollow, up to 30cm long and 12mm broad. Its pink/ purple hermaphrodite flowers are terminal umbels of bell-shaped flowers, these emerge from a papery bract in summer.

Allium senescens Emerging Flowers (02/07/2016, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium senescens Emerging Flowers (02/07/2016, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium senescens, commonly known as German Garlic, Mountain Garlic or Broadleaf Chives, is native to central Europe to Siberia, China and Korea. In its native habitat it grows in dry rocky places.

The etymological root of the binomial name Allium was the ancient Latin term for garlic. Senescens is derived from the Latin senesco meaning ‘grow old’.

Allium senescens Leaf (02/07/2016, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium senescens Leaf (02/07/2016, Kew Gardens, London)

The landscape architect may find Allium senescens useful as part of mixed perennial planting scheme. Once established this perennial is drought tolerant.

Ecologically, Allium senescens flowers are attractive to pollinating insects, including bees and butterflies.

Allium senescens prefers moist, rich, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Allium senescens requires little maintenance. Clumps of this plant may be divided in spring or autumn.

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Allium ursinum

1 May

Allium ursinum (14/04/2014, Torquay, Devon)

Allium ursinum (14/04/2014, Torquay, Devon)

Position: Full sun to dappled shade

Flowering period: Late spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 40cm

Eventual Spread: 30cm

Hardiness: 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Sub Family: Alliaceae

Allium ursinum Flower (19/04/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium ursinum Flower (19/04/2014, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium ursinum is a bulbous herbaceous perennial with a spreading habit. Its mid green leaves are broadly lanceolate to elliptic with entire margins, up to 20cm long and 8cm broad. Its leaves smell of garlic when crushed or bruised and die back in mid summer. Its white hermaphrodite flowers appear on erect stems as terminal umbels of bell-shaped flowers, these emerge from a papery bract. Its roots are bulbs which aids its spread.

Allium ursinum, commonly known as Wild Garlic, Broad Leaved Garlic, Wood Garlic, Ramsons or Bear’s Garlic, is native to much of Europe (including the UK) and west Asia. In its native habitat it grows in deciduous woodlands. This species is considdered an Ancient Woodland Indicator (AWI) species.

Allium ursinum Leaf (14/04/2014, Torquay, Devon)

Allium ursinum Leaf (14/04/2014, Torquay, Devon)

The etymological root of the binomial name Allium was the ancient Latin name for garlic.  Ursinum is derived from the Latin name of the Brown bear (Ursus arcatos), as this animal enjoys eating its bulbs.

The landscape architect may find Allium ursinum useful as a woodland understory plant. It may also be planted beneath deciduous shrubs with an open habit.

Ecologically, Allium ursinum flowers are attractive to pollinating insects. Its bulbs are attractive to many mammals including bears and boars.

Allium ursinum Flower Bud (14/04/2014, Torquay, Devon)

Allium ursinum Flower Bud (14/04/2014, Torquay, Devon)

Allium ursinum prefers moist, fertile, humus rich, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Allium ursinum requires little maintenance. Large clumps may be divided at the end of the summer.

Allium nutans

29 Aug

Allium nutans (27/07/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium nutans (27/07/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun

Soil: Moist, well drained

Flowering period: Summer

Eventual Height: 60cm

Eventual Spread:  20cm

Hardiness: 1, 2, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Sub Family: Alliaceae

Allium nutans is a variable evergreen bulb with a clump forming habit.  Its dark green are linear, up to 40cm long and 1cm broad. Its purple/ pink/ white hermaphrodite flowers are terminal umbels of bell-shaped flowers, these emerge from a papery bract in summer. This plant then produces seed in late summer.

Allium nutans, commonly known as Siberian Chives, Siberian Garlic Chives or Blue Chives, is native to central Asia to Siberia. In its native habitat it grows in meadows and damp places. As the common name suggests this species of Allium is an edible form of Chives.

The etymological root of the binomial name Allium was the ancient Latin term for garlic. Nutans is derived from the Latin nutus meaning ‘nodding’.

Allium nutans may be useful to the landscape architect in community garden or school projects. It may also be useful as an edging to hard surfaces.

Ecologically, Allium nutans flowers are attractive to pollinating insects.

Allium nutans Flower (27/07/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium nutans Flower (27/07/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Allium nutans prefers moist, rich, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Allium nutans requires little maintenance. It may be cut after flowering if it becomes unsightly, and will respond well to a hard pruning. Clumps of this plant may be divided in spring or autumn.

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