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Fraxinus ornus

1 Aug

Fraxinus ornus Spring (18/05/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Fraxinus ornus Spring (18/05/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun

Flowering period: Late spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 15m

Eventual Spread: 10m

Hardiness: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Family: Oleaceae

Fraxinus ornus Flower (18/05/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Fraxinus ornus Flower (18/05/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Fraxinus ornus is a round headed, medium sized deciduous tree. Its mid green leaves are opposite, odd pinnate, up to 30cm with up to 9 leaflets. Its leaflets are lanceolate with serrulate and wavy margins, up to 10cm long and 4cm broad. Its leaves turn yellow to purplish in autumn before its leaves fall. Its trunk may achieve a diameter of up to 1m. Its bark is  grey and smooth. Its dioecious cream/ white flowers are produced in dense panicles which are up to 20cm long. Each flower is composed of four petals and are up to 6mm long. Its fruit is a sumara which is up to 2.5cm long and 5mm broad, it is initially green ripening to brown.

Fraxinus ornus Seed (28/07/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Fraxinus ornus Seed (28/07/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Fraxinus ornus, commonly known as Manna Ash, Flowering Ash or South European Flowering Ash, is native to south and central Europe and south west Asia.

The etymological root of the binomial name Fraxinus is from the ancient Latin name for this tree. Ornus is from the ancient Latin name for this tree.

The landscape architect may find  Fraxinus ornus useful as an attractive parkland or landscape tree. This tree is tolerant of urban pollution.

Fraxinus ornus Bark (28/07/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Fraxinus ornus Bark (28/07/2012, Kew Gardens, London)

Ecologically, Fraxinus ornus is attractive to pollinating insects.

The Royal Horticultural Society has given Fraxinus ornus their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

 Fraxinus ornus prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Fraxinus ornus requires little maintenance.

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