Trachycarpus takil

21 Nov

Trachycarpus takil (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Trachycarpus takil (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Position: Full sun

Flowering period: Late summer

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 15m

Eventual Spread: 2m

Hardiness: 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a

Family: Arecaceae

Trachycarpus takil is an evergreen palm with an unbranched single stem. Its mid green leaves are a rounded, fan shape, has up to 60 segments, up to 1.2m across and have a whitish underside. Its trunk is rough and covered in a fibrous mat and may become smooth when mature. Its yellow dioecious flowers appear as large pendant panicles and appear from the leaf bases. Its fruit is the size and shape of a coffee bean.

Trachycarpus takil Leaf (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Trachycarpus takil Leaf (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Trachycarpus takil, commonly known as Kumaon Palm, is native to the foothills of the Indian side of the Himalaya. In its native habitat it grows in mixed Oak forests.

The etymological root of the binomial name Trachycarpus is derived from the Greek trachus meaning ‘rough’, and karpus meaning ‘a fruit’, due to the fruit of some species being hairy. We are unclear as to the root of Takil, reader feedback would be welcome.

The landscape architect may find Trachycarpus takil useful as an attractive palm which is hardy in the UK. It looks attractive when planted as a specimen, in rows or avenues.

Trachycarpus takil Trunk (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Trachycarpus takil Trunk (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Ecologically,  Trachycarpus takil is attractive to pollinating insects.

Trachycarpus takil prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Trachycarpus takil requires little maintenance.

Koelreuteria bipinnata

20 Nov

Koelreuteria bipinnata (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Koelreuteria bipinnata (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Position: Full sun to part shade

Flowering period: Summer

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 20m

Eventual Spread: 15m

Hardiness: 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b

Family: Sapindaceae

Koelreuteria bipinnata Leaf (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Koelreuteria bipinnata Leaf (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Koelreuteria bipinnata is a deciduous tree with a rounded crown. Its dark green leaves are bipinnate up to 70cm long and 40cm across. Its leaflets are ovate with serrate margins, up to 7cm long and 35mm across. Its leaves turn yellow before they fall in autumn. Its fragrant yellow flowers appear in large panicles which are up to 50cm long. Its pink coloured fruit coverings appear as a three parted bladder, up to 6cm long.

Koelreuteria bipinnata, commonly known as Chinese Flame Tree, Bougainvillea Golden Rain Tree or Chinese Golden Rain Tree, is native to south China. In its native habitat it grows in sparse forests.

Koelreuteria bipinnata Fruit (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Koelreuteria bipinnata Fruit (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

The etymological root of the binomial name Koelreuteria is named after Joseph Gottlieb Koelreuter (1733–1806), Professor of Natural History, Karlsruhe. Bipinnata is derived from the Latin bi meaning two and pinnata meaning ‘feathered’ or ‘winged’.

The landscape architect may find Koelreuteria bipinnata useful as an attractive small tree, including use as a street tree. Once established this tree is drought tolerant. It will tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Ecologically, Koelreuteria bipinnata flowers are attractive to pollinating insects.

Koelreuteria bipinnata Bark (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Koelreuteria bipinnata Bark (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

The Royal Horticultural Society has given the variety Koelreuteria bipinnata their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 2012.

Koelreuteria bipinnata prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. It will tolerate poor soils.

Koelreuteria bipinnata requires little maintenance.

Callistemon phoeniceus

19 Nov

Callistemon phoeniceus (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Callistemon phoeniceus (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Position: Full sun

Soil: Moist, well drained

Flowering period: Summer

Eventual Height: 3m

Eventual Spread: 3m

Hardiness: 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b

Family: Myrtaceae

Callistemon phoeniceus is an evergreen shrub or tree with an open habit. Its grey/ green leaves are linear to lance-shaped, up to 12cm long and 1cm broad. It flowers are up to 15cm long bottle brush like spikes of hermaphrodite flowers with enlarged scarlet red stamens arranged radially around the tips of the flowering stems. These are followed by dark grey, tightly spaced small fruit.

Callistemon phoeniceus Leaf (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Callistemon phoeniceus Leaf (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Callistemon phoeniceus,  commonly known as the Lesser Bottlebrush, Fiery Bottlebrush or Scarlet Bottlebrush, is native to south west Australia. In its native habitat it grows on sandy soils near water bodies which are prone to flooding.

The etymological root of the binomial name  Callistemon is derived from the ancient Greek Kalli meaning ‘beautiful’ and stamen the pollen producing part of a flower. Phoeniceus is derived from the Greek foinikos meaning red’.

The landscape architect may find Callistemon phoeniceus useful as an attractive evergreen flowering shrub. A warm sheltered location will ensure this plant flowers prolifically.

Callistemon phoeniceus Seed (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Callistemon phoeniceus Seed (18/10/2014, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid)

Ecologically,  Callistemon phoeniceus flowers are attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds.

Callistemon phoeniceus prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most  pH of soil.

Callistemon phoeniceus requires little maintenance, dead or damaged material may be removed after flowering.

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