Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor

26 Jan

Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor flower (21/01/2012, Kew London)

Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor flower (21/01/2012, Kew London)

Position: Full sun to dappled shade

Flowering period: Winter

Soil: Well Drained

Eventual Height: 4m

Eventual Spread: 4m

Hardiness: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Family: Calycanthaceae

Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor is a medium sized, bushy, deciduous shrub. Its leaves are opposite and entire, up to 20cm long and 7cm broad, with a glossy texture. The yellow flowers are waxy, cup shaped, up to 3cm across, with spirally arranged tepals and are strongly scented. The branches are upward arching in form. The fruit of the plant is an elliptic dry capsule which is up to 4cm long. 

Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor, commonly known as Wintersweet or Japanese Allspice, is native to China. It was introduced into European gardens from Japan and was noted in England 1766 when it was grown under glass for the Sixth Earl of Coventry in the conservatory at Croome Court, Worcestershire.

The etymological root of the binomial name Chimonanthus is derived from the Greek xeimwn ‘winter’ and anqos ‘flower’. Praecox is derived from the Latin prae before and coxi ‘ripening’, i.e. early ripening.

Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor (21/01/2012, Kew London)

Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor (21/01/2012, Kew London)

The landscape architect may find Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor useful as a low maintenance, winter flowering, scented shrub.

Ecologically Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor is pollinated by insects

Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. It will tolerate alkali soils. It will not tolerate winter water logging.

Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor requires little maintenance.

Davis Landscape Architecture

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2 Responses to “Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor”

  1. bank 01/02/2012 at 17:36 #

    bank
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