Wollemia nobilis

17 Jan

Wollemia nobilis (06/01/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Wollemia nobilis (06/01/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to full shade

Flowering period: Spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 40m

Eventual Spread: 10m

Hardiness: 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11, 12, 13

Family: Araucariaceae

Wollemia nobilis is an evergreen upright tree with a slender crown. Its yellow/ green leathery leaves are linear with entire margins, up to 8cm long and 5mm broad. Its trunk may achieve a diameter of up to 1m. Its dark brown bark is knobbly. Its monoecious green flowers are pollen cones, wind pollinated, up to 12cm long x 10cm broad (female) or 11cm long x 2cm broad (male) and appear at the end of branches. Its brown fruit is a cone, when the cone matures the branch dies.

Wollemia nobilis Leaf (06/01/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Wollemia nobilis Leaf (06/01/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Wollemia nobilis, commonly known as the Wollemi Pine, is native to Wollemi National Park in New South Wales, Australia. It was only know as a fossil until it was recently discovered in 1994. Wollemia nobilis is the sole member of the genus. In its native habitat it grows in deep sandstone gorges in temperate rainforest vegetation. It is classified as Critically Endangered according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The total population of mature individuals in the wild number approximately 80.

The etymological root of the binomial name Wollemia is named after the Wollemi National Park, where this tree was discovered. Nobilis is named after the discover of this tree David Noble, a field office of the Wollemi National Park.

Wollemia nobilis Flower (23/05/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Wollemia nobilis Flower (23/05/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

The landscape architect may find Wollemia nobilis useful as an interesting specimen tree. This tree is not widely available at present although a propagation programme is under way.

Ecologically, Wollemia nobilis is of little wild life value in the UK.

Wollemia nobilis prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. This tree dislikes waterlogged soils.

Wollemia nobilis requires little maintenance. This tree will copice readily.

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4 Responses to “Wollemia nobilis”

  1. Michael 05/04/2013 at 04:39 #

    so i’ve seen other pictures of this tree and i can stop wondering are these
    related to the yew bushes/shrubs anyhow because i have two yews by the side of the road and i recently found a tree that looks just like my yew bushes but its not a bush
    its a tree with the same needles and the same color of bark, the tree type makes small cones and my yews make red berries

    from the other pictures i’ve seen the tree looks like it might be a Wollemia nobilis pine tree but im unsure i took a cutting of it today because you don’t see these around where i live well i don’t i usually see red pines and white pines around here

    and sens i don’t know the name of the pine tree i just call it a yew tree
    because thats what it looks like comparing yours to the one i found yours is about 7inches taller then mine i found.

    well if this cutting lives i’ll take a few more and spread the trees
    im in the planting zone 5/6 in the united states.

    • Davis Landscape Architecture 05/04/2013 at 10:29 #

      To be honest I think it unlikely that it is Wollemia nobilis as this tree is not hardy to zone 6, as can be seen from our image it is struggling a little bit at Kew (zone 8b) and the bottom branches are dying. Wollemia nobilis leaves are also much bigger than those of Taxus baccata. It might be Cephalotaxus fortunei which is quite similar to Yew https://davisla.wordpress.com/2012/11/18/plant-of-the-week-cephalotaxus-fortunei/ .

      • Michael 07/04/2013 at 05:17 #

        yeah i can see it but it still looks fine other then the dead parts.

        the one i found still does look alot like a Wollemia nobilis tree but the needles are different the needles on my cuttings are 2 centimeters long and the branch coloring is brown all the needles are dark green and the underside it has small cones all over. its not this kind Cephalotaxus fortunei unless the cones turn into berries later on

        i was thinking it could be from my yew bushes but instead of growing like a bush it grew as a tree do you think that could have happened

        the cones on the tree look like this picture http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/image/t/taxus-comale10518.htm

  2. Davis Landscape Architecture 17/04/2013 at 16:01 #

    Michael, it sounds like it is a Yew, as they mature they do grow into a small trees. Our post on Taxus baccata shows a more mature specimen. https://davisla.wordpress.com/2011/02/01/plant-of-the-week-taxus-baccata/

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